- raw facts that describe the characteristic of an event.
- data converted into a meaningful and useful context.
- applications and technologies that are used to support decision-making efforts.
- Information Technology Basics consists Management Information Systems - a general name for the business function and academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures to solve business problems. Management Information Systems is a business function, similar to Accounting. Finance, Operations, and Human Resources.
- INFORMATION-INQUIRING CULTURE- Employees use information as a means of exercising influence or power over others. For example, a manager in sales refuses to share information with marketing. This causes marketing to need the sales manager`s input each time a new sales strategy is developed.